Exclusive Gift Set 89 – The Holy Spirit
Exclusive Gift Set 89 – The Holy Spirit also known as the Holy Ghost, is an aspect or agent of God, by means of which God communicates with people or acts on them.
In Judaism, it refers to the divine force, quality, and influence of God over the universe or over his creatures. Nicene Christianity, the Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity. In Islam, the Holy Spirit acts as an agent of divine action or communication.
The word spirit (from the Latin spiritus meaning “breath”) appears either alone or with other words in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament. Combinations include expressions such as the “Holy Spirit”, “Spirit of God”, and in Christianity, “Spirit of Christ”.
The word spirit is rendered as רוּחַ (ruach) in Hebrew-language parts of the Old Testament. In its Aramaic parts, the term is rûacḥ. The Greek translation of the Old Testament, the Septuagint, translates the word as πνεῦμα (pneuma – “breath”). This is the same word used throughout the New Testament, written originally in Greek.
The English term spirit comes from its Latin origin, spiritus, which is how the Vulgate translates both the Old and New Testament concept. The alternative term, “Holy Ghost”, comes from Old English translations of spiritus.
On the surface, the Holy Spirit appears to have an equivalent in non-Abrahamic Hellenistic mystery religions. These religions included a distinction between the spirit and psyche. Which also seen in the Pauline epistles. According to proponents of the History of religions school. The Christian concept of the Holy Spirit cannot explained from Jewish ideas alone without reference to the Hellenistic religions. And according to theologian Erik Konsmo, the views “are so dissimilar that the only legitimate connection one can make is with the Greek term πνεῦμα [pneuma, Spirit] itself”.
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