Oil Dedicated to Servants of God Josef and Wikoria Ulma (martyrs)
The murder of the Servants of God Josef and Wiktoria Ulma an entire family that killed together with the Jews they were hiding. Has become a symbol of Polish sacrifice and martyrdom during the German occupation.
While indifference and hostility to the Jews’ fate common. Some Poles chose to help their former Jewish neighbors even though hiding Jews was punishable by death. The murder of the Ulma familyan entire family that was killed together with the Jews they were hiding has become a symbol of Polish sacrifice and martyrdom during the German occupation.
Like other residents of Markowa had witnessed the execution of the Jews of their small town in the summer of 1942. The Jews were taken out of their homes shot and buried in a former animal burial ground. Some managed to escape and went into hiding in the surrounding arean.
During the night of 23/24 March 1944, German police came to Markowa from Lancut. They found the Jews on the Ulma farm and shot them to death. Afterwards, they murdered the entire Ulma family – Jozef, Wiktoria. Who was seven months pregnant and their six small children. Stanislawa, Barbara, Wladyslawa, Franciszka, Maria and Antoni. The eldest child had just begun to attend classes in primary school.
In the fall of 1942, while the hunt for Jews was going on in the entire area. A Jewish family from Lancut by the name of Szall came to Markowa to find shelter. When they asked Josef and Wiktoria Ulma to hide them, the couple agreed. And took them in along with two sisters Golda and Layka Goldman.
Yehuda Erlich, was hiding in Sietesz only a few kilometers from Markowa and survived the war. Described the immense impact of the murder of the Ulma family.