Oil Dedicated to St George 5 (Patron for Peacekeeping)
St George 5 (Patron for Peacekeeping) from A Blessed Call To Love, Ireland.
Saint George (Greek: Γεώργιος, translit. Geṓrgios, Latin: Georgius, Georgian: გიორგი, translit. Giorgi, Syriac: ܡܪܝ ܓܘܪܓܝܣ, romanized: Mar Giwargis Arabic: القديس جرجس; died 23 April 303), also George of Lydda. A Christian who venerated as a saint in Christianity. According to tradition, he a soldier in the Roman army. He of Cappadocian Greek origin and a member of the Praetorian Guard for Roman emperor Diocletian. But sentenced to death for refusing to recant his Christian faith. He became one of the most venerated saints and megalomartyrs in Christianity. And he been especially venerated as a military saint since the Crusades. He respected by Christians, Druze, as well as some Muslims as a martyr of monotheistic faith.
In hagiography, as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers and one of the most prominent military saints. He immortalized in the legend of Saint George and the Dragon. His memorial, Saint George’s Day, traditionally celebrated on 23 April. Historically, the countries of England, Ukraine, Ethiopia, and Georgia. As well as Catalonia and Aragon in Spain, and Moscow in Russia, have claimed George as their patron saint. Have several other regions, cities, universities, professions, and organizations. The Church-Mosque of Saint George in Lod (Lydda), Israel, contains a sarcophagus believed by many Christians to contain St. George’s remains.
Very little known about George’s life, but it is thought he a Roman officer of Greek descent who martyred in one of the pre-Constantinian persecutions. Beyond this, early sources give conflicting information.
The saint’s veneration dates to the 5th century with some certainty, and possibly even to the 4th. The addition of the dragon legend dates to the 11th century.
The earliest text which preserves fragments of George’s narrative in a Greek hagiography which identified by Hippolyte Delehaye of the scholarly Bollandists to be a palimpsest of the 5th century. An earlier work by Eusebius, Church history, written in the 4th century, contributed to the legend but did not name George or provide significant detail. The work of the Bollandists Daniel Papebroch, Jean Bolland, and Godfrey Henschen in the 17th century one of the first pieces of scholarly research to establish the saint’s historicity, via their publications in Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca. Pope Gelasius I stated in 494 that George was among those saints “whose names justly reverenced among men, but whose actions known only to God.”
The most complete version, based upon the fifth-century Greek text but in a later form, survives in a translation into Syriac from about 600. From text fragments preserved in the British Library a translation into English published in 1925.