St Maximin of Trier (Patron against destructive rains)
St Maximin of Trier was born to the Gallic nobility. Brother of Saint Maxentius of Poitiers. Educated and ordained by Saint Agritius. Whom he succeeded as bishop of Trier in 332 or 335. Trier was the government seat of the Western Empire. And his office put Maximinus close contact with Emperors Constantine II and Constans. Friend of Saint Athanasius of Alexandria. Whom he harboured as an honoured guest. During his exile from 336 to 338. Received the banished patriarch Paul of Constantinople in 341. And effected his return to Constantinople.
Fought Arianism. When four Arian bishops came to Trier in 342 to sway Emperor Constans. Maximinus refused to receive them. And convinced the emperor to reject their proposals. With Pope Julius I and Bishop Hosius of Cordova. He persuaded Emperor Constans to convene the Synod of Sardica in 343. And probably took part in it. Arians considered him one of their chief opponents. They condemned him by name at their synod of Philippopolis in 343. In 345 he took part in the Synod of Milan, Italy. Presided over a synod at Cologne, Germany in 346. Where Bishop Euphratas of Cologne deposed due to his leanings toward Arianism.
Sent Saint Castor and Saint Lubentius as missionaries to the valleys of the Mosel and the Lahn. His cult began right after his death. Maximin interred in the cemetery outside the northern gate of Trier. Where his remains joined by later bishops. In the multi-chambered crypt of a church. Dedicated to John the Evangelist. Later rededicated as St. Maximin’s Abbey, Trier. Gregory of Tours already attests to the cult of Maximin in the church of Saint John Evangelist. And the cult offered at his grave. The Abbey destroyed by Normans in 882 and rebuilt. Then entirely re-built in the 1680s.
Died 12 September 349 or 29 May 352. In autumn 353. He was buried in the church of Saint John near Trier. In the 7th century the Benedictine abbey of Saint Maximinus was founded there. Which flourished till 1802. His cultus was strongest in the region around Trier and in Alsace.
Medieval legend conflated him with Maximinus of Aix. Who was added to the Seventy Apostles referred to in the Gospel of Luke. That Maximinus was said to have accompanied Mary Magdalene. A company of the faithful to Aix-en-Provence. Miraculously sped by a frail boat without a rudder or a mast.