Our Lady of Lourdes Healing Oil
Our Lady of Lourdes (French: Notre-Dame de Lourdes) a title of Mary, mother of Jesus. The Virgin Mary venerated under this title by the Roman Catholic church due to her apparitions that occurred in Lourdes, France. The first apparition of 11 February 1858, of which Bernadette Soubirous (age 14) told her mother that a “Lady” spoke to her in the cave of Massabielle (1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from the town) while she gathering firewood with her sister and a friend. Similar apparitions of the “Lady” reported on 18 occasions that year, until the climax revelation of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception took place. On 18 January 1862, the local Bishop of Tarbes Bertrand-Sévère Laurence endorsed the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Lourdes.
On 1 February 1876, Pope Pius IX officially granted a decree of canonical coronation to the image as Notre-Dame du Saint Rosaire. The coronation performed by Cardinal Pier Francesco Meglia at the courtyard of what is now part of the Rosary Basilica on 3 July 1876.
The image of Our Lady of Lourdes widely copied and reproduced in shrines and homes, often in garden landscapes. Bernadette Soubirous canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1933.
Marian devotion has since steadiliy increased as ecclesiastical investigations sanctioned her visions. In later years, a large church built at the site that has since become a major site of religious pilgrimage.