St Alphonsus Ligourie Healing Oil (Patron for Arthritis)
St Alphonsus Ligourie, in full Saint Alphonsus Maria de’ Liguori, Alphonsus also spelled Alfonso, (born September 27, 1696, Marianella, Kingdom of Naples [Italy]—died August 1, 1787, Pagani; canonized 1839; feast day August 1), Italian doctor of the church.
An Italian Catholic bishop, spiritual writer, composer, musician, artist, poet, lawyer, scholastic philosopher, and theologian. He founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, known as the Redemptorists, in November 1732.
One of the chief 18th-century moral theologians, and founder of the Redemptorists, a congregation dedicated primarily to parish and foreign missions.
In 1871 he named a doctor of the church by Pope Pius IX. In 1950 he named patron saint of moralists and confessors by Pope Pius XII.
After practicing law for eight years, he ordained a priest in 1726. In 1732 he founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, or the Redemptorists, at Scala. Dissension within the congregation culminated in 1777 when he deceived into signing what he thought a royal sanction for his rule.
Actually, the document was a new rule devised by one of his enemies, thus causing the followers of the old rule to break away. In 1762 Pope Clement XIII made him bishop of Sant’ Agata del Goti near Naples; he resigned in 1775 because of ill health.